primary succession and secondary seccession in about 120 words ​

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primary succession and secondary seccession in about 120 words ​

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Sophia 1 month 2021-08-16T05:44:31+00:00 2 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-08-16T05:46:17+00:00

    primary \: succession

    Primary succession begins in barren areas, such as on bare rock exposed by a retreating glacier. The first inhabitants are lichens or plants—those that can survive in such an environment. Over hundreds of years these “pioneer species” convert the rock into soil that can support simple plants such as grasses. These grasses further modify the soil, which is then colonized by other types of plants. Each successive stage modifies the habitat by altering the amount of shade and the composition of the soil. The final stage of succession is a climax community, which is a very stable stage that can endure for hundreds of years.

    secondary \: succession

    Secondary succession is one of the two types ecological succession of a plant’s life. As opposed to the first, primary succession, secondary succession is a process started by an event (e.g. forest fire, harvesting, hurricane, etc.) that reduces an already established ecosystem (e.g. a forest or a wheat field) to a smaller population of species, and as such secondary succession occurs on preexisting soil whereas primary succession usually occurs in a place lacking soil. Many factors can affect secondary succession, such as trophic interaction, initial composition, and competition-colonization trade-offs.[1] The factors that control the increase in abundance of a species during succession may be determined mainly by seed production and dispersal, micro climate; landscape structure (habitat patch size and distance to outside seed sources);[1] bulk density, pH, and soil texture (sand and clay).

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    2021-08-16T05:46:23+00:00

    Explanation:

    Primary Succession is defined as the type of ecological succession, which occurs or start from the barren, uninhabited and unoccupied areas, such as the newly formed pond, rock, dunes, etc., while such kind of succession, which occurs in the area where there was the existence of life previously but got abandoned due to …

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