Write an essay on “My Country- India” (500 words). You may include the following points:-
a) Latitudinal and Longitudinal Ex


Write an essay on “My Country- India” (500 words). You may include the following points:-
a) Latitudinal and Longitudinal Extent.
b) India and its relation with its neighbours.
c) India’scentrallocationandtraderoutes.

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Faith 2 years 2021-06-22T02:42:37+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    India is the best example of the phrase ‘unity in diversity’. People of all religions can be found living here. Many different languages are spoken here. It is said that after every 100 kilometres or so, one can observe a change in food, clothes, language and houses.

    Every region has its own festivals and its own customs. The snow-clad Himalayan mountain range in the north, to the Thar Desert in Rajasthan, are examples of varied weather conditions. We have a huge coastline and hundreds of big and small rivers. India is a land of great natural beauty.

    We are the largest producers of milk in the world. We are among the largest producers of wheat and sugar. Indians are renowned all over the world for their technical and engineering skills. Indians are also highly sought-after in the field of information technology.

    Our culture dates back to thousands of years. We have given the world yoga and ayurveda. We have made many other proud contributions in the field of science, maths, philosophy and music. Today, in all spheres, we are rated as an important nation.

    What are the Longitudinal and latitudinal extent of India?

    India lies to the north of the equator between 6° 44′ and 35° 30′ north latitude and 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east longitude.

    Longitudinal and Latitudinal extent

    The latitudinal extent of India from the north end Kashmir to south end Kanniyakumari is 37°6′N to 8°4′N

    The longitudinal extent of India from west end Gujarat to east end Arunachal Pradesh is 68°7′E to 97°25′E.

    On calculating both of these extents we get to that these are approximately of 30°.


    India is located in the northern hemisphere of the world.

    The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country India. It is North from the Equator, that passes through the middle of India. The Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states in India

    From the extends south to north, the mainland of India extends between 8°4’N and 37°6’N latitudes.

    From the other extends west to east, India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.

    The distance between latitudes remain the same throughout but the distance between the two longitudes reduces as moved towards poles

    The distance between two latitudes is constant that is 111 km but the distance between two longitudes is 111 km at the equator and reduces to 0 at the poles.

    Due to the great longitudinal extent and difference of about 29°, there are wide differences in local time of places located at two extreme points of the country.

    The difference between these two points would be approximate of about two hours.

    Though India is not a part of any major military alliance, it has close strategic and military relationship with most of the fellow major powers. Countries considered India’s closest include the Russian Federation, Israel, Afghanistan, France, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and the United States.

    Which is the central location of India?

    The Indian landmass has a central location between East and West Asia. India is a southward extension of the Asian continent. The trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West to the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.

    There are four corridors which link India with ancient Silk Roads. (i) The road through high Tibetan plateau and down to the Ganges – to Sravasti. (ii) The Road through valleys and mountains of western Nepal to the fertile valleys of the Ganges.

    Important Trade Routes in History

    Silk Road. The Silk Road is the world’s most famous trade route, starting from China, passing through Anatolia and Asia and reaching Europe. …

    Spice Route. The Spice Route refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. …

    Royal Road. …

    Incense Route. …

    The Tea Horse Road. …

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