when one mirror of michelson interferometer is moved a distance of .5mm ,200 fingers are observed.The wavelenght of light used is

Question

when one mirror of michelson interferometer is moved a distance of .5mm ,200 fingers are observed.The wavelenght of light used is
a:5000nm
b:5000A
c:500cm
d:2000A​

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Alice 2 months 2021-07-27T14:29:57+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-27T14:31:08+00:00

    Answer:

    The Michelson interferometer (invented by the American physicist Albert A. Michelson, 1852–1931) is a precision instrument that produces interference fringes by splitting a light beam into two parts and then recombining them after they have traveled different optical paths. (Figure) depicts the interferometer and the path of a light beam from a single point on the extended source S, which is a ground-glass plate that diffuses the light from a monochromatic lamp of wavelength {\lambda }_{0}. The beam strikes the half-silvered mirror M, where half of it is reflected to the side and half passes through the mirror. The reflected light travels to the movable plane mirror {\text{M}}_{1}, where it is reflected back through M to the observer. The transmitted half of the original beam is reflected back by the stationary mirror {\text{M}}_{2} and then toward the observer by M.

    (a) The Michelson interferometer. The extended light source is a ground-glass plate that diffuses the light from a laser. (b) A planar view of the interferometer.

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